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Big Bend - Tuff Canyon

Trail (3.25)4
(1.75) (4.00)
0.75 Mile 75 Feet
No No
No No
$20.00 More Info
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The trails starts off downhill towards the mouth of the canyon. Castolon Mountain looms in the distance.
Getting there: From the center of Big Bend proceed south west on the Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive toward Castolon. The hike begins along the right side of the road near the 20 mile marker. Look for signs along the road. It should not be too hard to find.

The Hike: This short hike highlights some of the varied and interesting rock formations that can be found in Big Bend. Start off near the waypoint marked "Trailhead" and follow the path of the trail towards the southwest. Off in the distance sits Castellan Mountain, which dominates the sky in this part of the park. The path slopes down to the mouth of the canyon and then makes a near 180 degree turn and heads northeast into the canyon.

The trail surface varies from sandy to rocky, but none of it is too difficult and overall the length of the hike is rather short. We found the biggest burden of the hike was a couple of biting flies that refused to leave us alone.

The trail surface changes from rocky to sandy in several places.
Tuff Canyon gets its name from the material that lines the steep walls on either side of the trail. Tuff is volcanic ash that has hardened into rock-like forms. The texture of tuff is abrasive and the coloration light.

Despite the tough sounding name, tuff is not all that hard. In fact it erodes more rapidly than other types of rock. This is why the canyon walls here are so pronounced. Further up the trail a lava flow of harder rock shows it has faired much better from the occasional gully washes that flow through here.

The Tuff contains numerous rock chunks embedded within it.
When volcanoes spew lava, rock and ash into the air it does not all settle down in segregated clumps. There's some mixing of elements and this can be seen in the canyon walls. Note that the whiter tuff is often peppered with darker chunks pebbles, rocks and occasional boulders. As the tuff erodes its hold on some of these embedded stones gives way. This leaves holes in the tuff that can also be seen.

When you near the waypoint "Turnaround" you'll come across the harder lava rock that resists erosion better than tuff. The canyon floor almost disappears into a wall of hard rock. The trail could be extended somewhat, though from that point you'll be facing some climbing and very rough terrain.

For a further appreciation of the canyon and the forces at work here the park has placed several viewing stations on the edge of the canyon cliffs above the trail. The station that is most north provides a good view of the lava rock wall and the tuff canyon below it. From this vantage point the stark contrast in the rock and tuff's reaction to erosion can be seen.

This is a very short hike at less than a mile round trip, but well worth the effort, particularly if combined with some other excursions, such as the Santa Elena Canyon hike.


Overhead The observation platforms provide a view of the trail on the canyon floor below. (Photo by Austin Explorer) Trail Map This display map at the trailhead shows the trail route. (Photo by Lone_Star) View Of The Canyon This is a close-up view of part of the canyon. (Photo by Lone_Star)
Another View Of The Canyon This is an overview of Tuff Canyon. (Photo by Lone_Star) Tuff Canyon The trail takes you down to the canyon floor where you can walk in and explore on foot. (Photo by Lone_Star)

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Recommended Item Hiking Big Bend National Park (Regional Hiking Series)
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List Price: $12.95 Our price: $5.17 Buy Now
The scenic wonders of the undeveloped Chihuahuan Desert beckon hikers with seemingly endless miles of trails in Big Bend National Park. The park is the largest tract of public land in Texas, with more than 1,200 square miles sprawled across West Texas along the Rio Grande. Hiking trails wander through deep canyons to spring-fed oases and to the tops of the forested Chisos Mountains. Written with assistance from Big Bend National Park staff, Hiking Big Bend National Park is the only comprehensive hiking guide to the many trials in this unique national park and will guide you to little-known places as well as the popular areas. Three trails in nearby Big Bend Ranch State Park also are featured. This guide includes safety descriptions, elevation charts, black-and-white photos, and up-to-date maps and reference information. Hiking Big Bend National Park is an invaluable resource for planning your next hiking trip in Texas's Big Bend Country.